pope, catholic church, napoleon, papal authority, rome, france, gregory, jesuits, clement
Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep
Alexander VII, 1655-1667. Fabio Chigi protested as papal nuntius against the peace of Muenster and Osnabrueck, and thereupon Pope Innocent X condemned all concessions to Protestants in the Pence of Westphalia. He got Innocent X to condemn the five propositions of the "Augustines" of Jansenius of Port Royal.
History of Christianity
Laity; Ministers; Scholars
"How Peter Became Pope,"
Concordia Theological Monthly: Vol. 2, Article 52.
Available at: https://scholar.csl.edu/ctm/vol2/iss1/52