Concordia Theological Monthly

Article Title

How Peter Become Pope

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pope, bishop of rome, emperor, church council, st. peter, canons, synod, julius, jerome, theodosius, antioch, ambrose

Submission Type

Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


"The Papacy, such as the West knew it in a later age, had not yet 'been born" - in the fourth century, says Duchesne. For stating this historical truth the French Catholic scholar’s History of the Chruch was placed on the "Index.''

Julius I, 337-352, called a synod to Rome in 340, but the Orientals sent an insulting refusal. When he, in 341, reproved some Eastern bishops for calling a synod at Antioch without his permission, they laughed and told him Christianity arose in the East, and if there were any question of superiority, such belonged to the elder, Oriental, rather than to the younger, Western, branch. (Schick, p. 87.) The synod strictly forbade another synod to try a deposed bishop. Julius rejected the twenty-nine canons of Antioch, the first Pope to claim papal confirmation necessary to the reception of canons. Pope Innocent I, about sixty years later, rejected these canons, yet they were accepted de facto, and by the Council of Chalcedon de jure, and embodied in the code of the Roman Church itself. So, then, papal confirmation is not necessary to the reception of canons.


History of Christianity

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

1 Peter 2:9;

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Submission Audience

Laity; Ministers; Scholars