Concordia Theological Monthly

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obedience of christ, righteousness, baptism, justification, redemption

Submission Type

Bible Study; Lecture; Sermon Prep


Rom. 5, 18. 19 is a second passage which proves that the active obedience of Christ is on integral part of His vicarious satisfaction. The question here to be decided is whether the "righteousness" of Christ, His "obedience," are terms describing that one righteous act, that one set of obedience by which Christ submitted to death according to the will of God, or whether they describe His entire obedience, His righteous life in general, His universal compliance with the Law. They would have to bear the former meaning if the proposition is true that salvation was accomplished exclusively by the death of Christ. But the words of the apostle refuse to bear such an interpretation. He is using the term "righteousness," rectitude of behavior, compliance with law, without any limitations. There is no doubt what "righteousness" means Rev. 19, 8. Nobody would think of restricting it to the patience of the saints in suffering. So also here (Rom. 5, 1&'. 19) the words are used in their absolute sense. Nothing in the test justifies Thayer to interpret ένόζ διχαιωμα: "the righteous act of One (Christ) in His giving Himself up to death." Surely, Christ thereby proved Himself obedient. But by what right is the obedience, the righteousness of Christ in general, excluded? Righteousness means conformity with the Law. And thus the exactness of the parallel between Adam, the type, and Christ, the Antitype, is preserved. The "offense," the transgression of the Law on the part of Adam, brought ruin; the "righteousness," the fulfilment of the Law on the part of Christ, brought salvation.


Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Romans 5:18-19; Revelation 19:8; Galatians 4:4 2 cor 5:21; Philippians 2:8; Matthew 3:15; Psalm 40:6-8; Jeremiah 31:33; Hebrews 10:5-7; Matthew 5:17; Romans 10:4; Matthew 4:4-10; Philippians 2:6; Acts 10:36-43; Matthew 20:28; Philippians 2:8; Psalm 51:7; Matthew 1:21; Romans 9:31; Galatians 3:12; Romans 8:4; Galatians 3:10; Galatians 3:13; 1 Corinthians 1:30; Jeremiah 23:6; Philippians 3:9; Romans 10:3; John 1:29; Isaiah 53:7; Revelation 5:6-9; Romans 5:10; 1 John 1:7; John 12:24; 1 Corinthians 1:18; John 3:14; John 6:53; Revelation 7:14; Ecclesiastes 3:9; Ephesians 6:4; 1 John 2:13-14; Acts 20:28; Zechariah 3:9; Hebrews 9:22;

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Submission Audience

Laity; Ministers; Scholars