Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Divinity (B.Div)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Edgar Krentz

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Mark 14:22-25; 1 Corinthians 11:25; Exodus 12:24.-27; Exodus 24:6-8; Exodus 24:9-11; Ezekiel 16:6; Ezekiel 44:19; Genesis 4:10; Genesis 9:4; Isaiah 31:3; Leviticus 14:14; Leviticus 14:39; Leviticus 16:16; Leviticus 16:18; Leviticus 17:11; Leviticus 6:23,24; Luke 22:1-14; Luke 22:16,18; Luke 22:20; Mark 14:25; Matthew 26:26-29; Matthew 27:4; Philippians 2:8;


The importance of such a study is not just that the events in the life of Jesus be clarified and harmonized, but that the real meaning of the Supper may be ascertained. If the Supper has no connection with the Passover, our theology of the Eucharist needs to be re-evaluated and harmonized to whatever is the real intent of Christ's institution. The aim of this study is to investigate the significance of the concepts διαθήκη and αί̑μα toward such a Passover understanding of the Supper. Chapter II will examine the four accounts of the institution, evaluate the critical variants, and show significant similarities and dissimilarities of these accounts. Chapter III presents some of the scholarly attempts to deal with the implications of the contrasting emphases in these accounts. Chapter IV shows the importance of the Passover celebration for the covenant relationship between God and His People. Chapter V places the blood concept within this covenant and reveals its important symbolism. Chapter VI gives the various aspects of the Lord's Supper which make the covenant context possible for that meal. Finally, Chapter VII will draw together the implications of this study for any conclusions to be drawn on the Passover possibility. Preliminarily, this study of "covenant" and "blood" indicates the Lord’s Supper can be appropriately placed within the Paschal context. These concepts cannot be used, however, to show the Supper must be restricted to this foundation, only that itis conceptually possible. To make such an identification does no injustice to either the meaning of the Passover covenant or the Lord's Supper. The designations "Markan," "Lukan,""Matthean," and "Pauline" are used of the written accounts and do not enter into the question of authorship. The terms “Lord’s Supper," "the Supper," and "Eucharist" are used quite interchangeably. All Scriptural references quoted are taken from the Revised Standard Version. Areas of study which are not included in this study are such items as the chronology of passion events, dating of the accounts, harmonizing the four accounts, harmonizing the Supper with Passover regulations, the "new covenant" of Jeremiah, or the New Moses typology.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.