Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Divinity (B.Div)


Practical Theology

First Advisor

Arthur Repp


So the Institute for Advanced Pastoral Studies focused its attention on the whole process of communication with the hope that it would illuminate the dilemma of preaching. Briefly stated in paraphrase, this is its conclusions: Since communication is a two-way (dialogical) process, in which both parties to the conversation play an integral part in effecting maximum communication, the sermon, as a means of communication, is the creation (partnership) of both the preacher and the parishoner. Therefore, the members of any congregation are asked to be active participants in the church's preaching.4 As such, they have certain responsibilities toward every preaching situation in order for that sermon to have meaning for their lives.

The above is the historical background for this research paper. It indicates "that" the congregation has an active role in preaching. It is hardly enough, however, to simply know the problem; therefore, the purpose of this paper is to show the parishoner "how" he can actively participate in the church's preaching. Each parishoner's responsibilities lie in the following three areas: (1) The parishoner's need to understand what a sermon really is; (2) His need to understand how he can become a better listener; and (3) His need to understand and apply the "dialogical process. “By having an awareness of the above-mentioned concerns, the average layman will be led to becoming an active participant in the church's preaching.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.