Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Divinity (B.Div)


Practical Theology

First Advisor

William Polack

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

Psalm 43:4; Hebrews 10:22; Psalm 32:5; John 3:16; John 1:12; Mark 16:16; Ephesians 5:19; Colossians 3:16; Romans 16:27; Philippians 4:20; Revelation 1:6; Psalm 51:1; Matthew 9:27; Matthew 15:22; Matthew 20:30; Mark 10:47; Luke 18:13; Luke 2:14; Ruth 4:2; John 20:19; 2 Timothy 4:22; 1 Corinthians 16:20; 1 Thessalonians 5:27; Matthew 26:30; Mark 14:26; Psalm 25:6; Philippians 2:8; 1 Corinthians 5:7; Ezra 7:27; Matthew 28:19; Matthew 16:16; Psalm 123:3; Psalm 104:30; Psalm 119:124-125;


I have restricted the scope of this treatise to the developments of that part of our Common Service which is commonly known as the Service of the Word, in the Ancient, Medieval, and Reformation Periods, beginning with the Scriptural sources of those rubrics, and ending with illustrations of practices as given in the Lutheran Kirchenordnungen of the 16th century. Later references are more incidental. Furthermore, the ceremonial of the Common Service also lies beyond the scope of this essay, as also the hymnology of the Lutheran Church is a field for itself.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.