Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Divinity (B.Div)


Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Martin Franzmann

Scripture References in this Resource (separated by semi-colons)

2 Thessalonians 3:17; Romans 4:4-16; Luke 6:32ff; Psalm 49:7-8; Ephesians 1:3-7; Galatians 4:5-6; Philippians 3:5; Esther 2:5-7; Esther 9:20ff; Judges 5:14; Hosea 5:8; Genesis 49:27; Acts 26:5; Galatians 1:14; Philippians 3:6; Acts 7:58; Acts 8:1; Acts 6:9; Galatians 1:23; Acts 26:9-10; Acts 22:4-7; Acts 9:13; Acts 8:3; Galatians 1:13; 1 Corinthians 15:9; 1 Timothy 1:13; Acts 26:11; Acts 9:1-2; Romans 7:9; Acts 26:13-18; Acts 9:1-20; Acts 22:1-16;


It is the first word of greeting and the last word of farewell in Paul's letters. For Paul, Charis includes the sum of all blessings that come from God through Christ. Grace is for Paul the beginning and the end; the Alpha and the Omega. Robertson says in his “Word Pictures of the New Testament”, “Perhaps no word carries more meaning for St. Paul's message than this word."

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.