Title

"In Remembrance of Me": A Critical and Historical Inquiry into the Last Supper and the Words of Institution (Matt 26:26-29; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:15-20; 1 Cor 11 :23-26)

Date of Award

4-13-2009

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Theology (Th.M)

Department

Exegetical Theology

First Advisor

Mark Matson

Abstract

This thesis examines the eucharistic words of Jesus in Matt 26:26-29, Mark 14:22-25, Luke 22: 15-20, 1 Cor 11 :23-26, and John 6:35ff., with reference to their most primitive forms. Chapter One compares and contrasts the various accounts. Chapters Two and Three focus upon textual criticism, with special attention given to the version of Luke found in the "Western" or "D-type" text. Chapter Four examines the possibilities and problems posed by the Passover setting (or lack thereof) in the canonical narratives with special reference to Jeremias and astronomical calendar studies. Chapter Five addresses back-translation of the most primitive eucharistic words into Aramaic and attempts to analyze the sayings as independent logia. Chapter Six concludes with the theological, ecclesiological, liturgical, and homiletic dimensions of this study and the Eucharist.